Manufacturing has seen progress during the industrial revolution from Industry 1.0 to 4.0. Recent manufacturing processes involve various systems and several challenges remain to handle. For example, the spread of the virus COVID-19 in the late of 2019 has talked many industrial abilities and various manufacturing systems shown incapacities. Therefore, any manufacturing system and process should be improved and tested under crisis scenarios. The book "Manufacturing Systems: Progress and Future Directions" is a source of the latest research and technical notes in manufacturing systems. This book is useful for students, researchers, and all readers interested in this topic. It is organized into twenty-seven chapters.