ISBN-13: 9780415592888 / Twarda / 2010 / 1552 str.
ISBN-13: 9780415592888 / Twarda / 2010 / 1552 str.
This book results from the 7th ICPMG meeting in Zurich 2010 and covers a broad range of aspects of physical modelling in geotechnics, linking across to other modelling techniques to consider the entire spectrum required in providing innovative geotechnical engineering solutions. Topics presented at the conference:
Soil - Structure - Interaction; Natural Hazards; Earthquake Engineering: Soft Soil Engineering; New Geotechnical Physical; Modelling Facilities; Advanced Experimental Techniques; Comparisons between Physical and Numerical Modelling
Specific Topics: Offshore Engineering; Ground Improvement and Foundations; Tunnelling, Excavations and Retaining Structures; Dams and slopes; Process Modelling; Goenvironmental Modelling; Education
This book results from the7th ICPMG meeting in Zurich 2010 and covers a broad range of aspects of physical modelling in geotechnics, linking across to other modelling techniques to consider the entire spectrum required in providing innovative geotechnical engineering solutions. Topics presented at the conference:Soil – Structure – Interaction; Natural Hazards; Earthquake Engineering: Soft Soil Engineering; New Geotechnical Physical; Modelling Facilities; Advanced Experimental Techniques; Comparisons between Physical and Numerical ModellingSpecific Topics: Offshore Engineering; Ground Improvement and Foundations; Tunnelling, Excavations and Retaining Structures; Dams and slopes; Process Modelling; Goenvironmental Modelling; Education
VOLUME 1 1 Keynotes and TC 2 contributions Physical modelling of natural hazardsM.C.R. Davies, E.T. Bowman & D.J. White Recent trends in geotechnical earthquake engineering experimentationA. Elgamal, A.B. Huang & M. Okamura Physical modelling of soft ground problemsF.H. Lee, M.S.S. Almeida & B. Indraratna Physical modelling with industry—overview of practices and benefitsC. Gaudin, D.J. White, A. Bezuijen, P.E.L. Schaminée & J. Garnier Development of teaching resources for physical modelling communityS.P.G. Madabhushi, U. Cilingir & M.E. Stringer STREAM: A method to facilitate efficient data exchange and archivingP.E.L. Schaminée, A.A. Klapwijk & D.J. White 2 Similitude Scaling of hydraulic processesA. Bezuijen & R.S. Steedman A virtual rain simulator for droplet transport in a centrifugeB. Caicedo & J. Tristancho Potentialities and challenges of centrifuge modelling on unsaturated soilsB. Caicedo, J. Tristancho & L. Thorel Influence of fluid viscosity on the response of buried structures in earthquakesS.C. Chian & S.P.G. Madabhushi Use of automatic sand pourers for loose sand modelsS.C. Chian, M.E. Stringer & S.P.G. Madabhushi Physical modeling of kinematic pile-soil interaction under seismic conditionsL. Dihoru, S. Bhattacharya, C.A. Taylor, D. Muir Wood, F. Moccia, A.L. Simonelli & G. Mylonakis Stiffness design for granular materials—a theoretical and experimental approachL. Dihoru, C.A. Taylor, S. Bhattacharya, D. Muir Wood, F. Moccia, A.L. Simonelli & G. Mylonakis Possibilities and limitations of 1-g model techniquesA. Hettler Modelling precast concrete piling for use in the geotechnical centrifugeJ.A. Knappett, K. O’Reilly, P. Gilhooley, C. Reid & K. Skeffington Preparation of fully saturated model groundM. Okamura & T. Inoue Reliability of one-g shaking table experimentF. Ozkahriman & J. Wartman Centrifuge modeling of a sensitive clay slope for simulation of strain softeningD.S. Park, B.L. Kutter & J. DeJong The influence of coloured dyes on the undrained shear strength of kaolinF. Sahdi, N. Boylan, D.J. White & C. Gaudin Improving model quality through computer controlled saturationM.E. Stringer & S.P.G. Madabhushi Effects of rigid sidewall of specimen container on seismic behaviourH. Takahashi, Y. Morikawa & E. Ichikawa Piping: Centrifuge experiments on scaling effects and levee stabilityV.M. van Beek, A. Bezuijen & C. Zwanenburg Applicability of two stage scaling in dynamic centrifuge tests on saturated sand depositsL. von der Tann, T. Tobita & S. Iai Thickness effects on long-term consolidation by means of inter-connected oedometersY. Watabe, S. Sassa, K. Udaka & T. Emura 3 Physical modelling facilities Development of a low cost teaching centrifugeD.W. Airey & R. Barker Retrofits to COPPE mini-drum geotechnical centrifugeM.S.S. Almeida, J.L.S. Neto, M.C.F. Almeida, D.F. Fagundes & J.R.M.S. Oliveira Development of a large calibration triaxial cell with dual load actuatorJ.A. Black, V. Sivakumar & A.L. Bell Development of a large geotechnical centrifuge at Zhejiang UniversityY.M. Chen, L.G. Kong, Y.G. Zhou, J.Q. Jiang, X.W. Tang, B. Niu & M. Lin A miniature high speed wireless data acquisition system for geotechnical centrifugesC. Gaudin, D.J. White, N. Boylan, J. Breen, T. Brown & S. De Catania An experimental setup for the investigation of tamper geometry effectsM. Ghazavi & M. Niazipour Development of a 2D servo-actuator for novel centrifuge modellingS.K. Haigh, N.E. Houghton, S.Y. Lam, Z. Li & P.J. Wallbridge Development of a horizontal and vertical shaker for the IWHR 450 g-ton centrifugeY.J. Hou, X.G. Wang, Z.P. Xu, Y.F. Wen & P. Ibanez A new geotechnical centrifuge at the University of Tehran, I.R. IranM. Moradi & A. Ghalandarzadeh Establishing a beam centrifuge facility at the Institute of Technology, Sligo, IrelandC.D. O’Loughlin, P. Naughton, N. Baker & A. Ainsworth Mobile tray for simulation of 3D load transfer in pile-supported earth platformsG. Rault, L. Thorel, A. Néel, S. Buttigieg, F. Derkx, G. Six & U. Okyay The drizzle method for sand sample preparationJ. Rietdijk, F.M. Schenkeveld, P.E.L. Schaminée & A. Bezuijen The UENF geotechnical centrifuge facilityF. Saboya, S. Tibana, R. Martins Reis, S.R. Ramires, S. Brum, V. Montero del Aguila & J. Domingos Vieira The Josef UEF—a new location for “in-situ” physical modellingJ. Svoboda & R. Vašíček Development of a circulating system for water supply in centrifuge model testsQ.S. Wang, Z.Y. Chen, Y. Jin & J.H. Liang NEES @ UC DavisD.W. Wilson, B.L. Kutter & R.W. Boulanger 4 New equipment, sensors and experimental techniques Centrifuge modeling of soil atmosphere interaction using a climatic chamberB. Caicedo, J. Tristancho & L. Thorel Design of experimental setup for 1 g seismic load tests on anchored retaining wallsA.T. Carvalho, J. Bilé Serra, F. Oliveira, P. Morais, A.R. Ribeiro & C. Santos Pereira Applications of high speed photography in dynamic testsS.H. Chow, Y. Nazhat & D.W. Airey Particle Image Velocimetry analysis in dynamic centrifuge testsU. Cilingir & S.P.G. Madabhushi Development of a multiple-axis actuator control systemS. De Catania, J. Breen, C. Gaudin & D.J. White A wireless data acquisition system to monitor centrifuge pile installationA.D. Deeks, D.J. White, J. Breen, P. Hortin, S. De Catania & T. Brown Fibre optic cable and micro-anchor pullout tests in sandD. Hauswirth, M. Iten, R. Richli & A.M. Puzrin The use of optical fibre sensors in a geotechnical centrifuge for reinforced slopesE. Kapogianni, M.G. Sakellariou, J. Laue & S.M. Springman Development of Vs tomography testing system for geotechnical centrifuge experimentsN.R. Kim & D.S. Kim Distributed testing of soil-structure systems using web-based applicationsS.P.G. Madabhushi, S.K. Haigh, A. Ali, M. Williams, M. Ojaghi, I. Lamata, T. Blakeborough, C.A. Taylor & M. Dietz Earthquake motion selection and calibration for use in a geotechnical centrifugeH.B. Mason, J.D. Bray, B.L. Kutter, D.W. Wilson & B.Y. Choy An exploratory study on using miniature sensors to monitor landslide motionG.L. Ooi, Y.H. Wang, T.W. Wong & C.S. Wong Observing and measuring arching in ideal and natural granular materialsS.G. Paikowsky, H.S. Tien & L.E. Rolwes Large-scale physical model for simulation of artificial ground freezing with seepage flowE. Pimentel, G. Anagnostou & A. Sres Wireless data transmission in geotechnical centrifuge applicationsS.R. Ramires, T. Tachibana, F. Saboya Jr, S. Tibana, R.M. Reis & J.D. Vieira Experience using MEMS-based accelerometers in dynamic testingM.E. Stringer, C.M. Heron & S.P.G. Madabhushi Advanced sensing in geotechnical centrifuge modelsA. Tessari, I. Sasanakul & T. Abdoun Development of train loading device and testing on sandy and clay modelsV.V. Vinogradov, Y.K. Frolovsky, A.A. Zaitsev & V.V. Naumov Measurement of landslide acceleration using PIV image analysisE.D. Wolinsky & W.A. Take Displacement field around an open-tube samplingW.M. Yan, I.T. Ng & C.Y. Cheuk Free type bender elements for characterizing soil in centrifuge model testsY.G. Zhou, Y.M. Chen, Y. Shamoto, H. Mano, H. Hotta, Y. Asaka & Y. Taji 5 Excavations and retaining structures Physical modelling of L-shaped retaining wallsM. Arnold Physical modelling of flexible retaining walls under seismic actionsR. Conti, G.M.B. Viggiani & S.P.G. Madabhushi New ideas for reducing seismic displacement of gravity quay wallsA. Ghalandarzadeh, A. Mostafavi Moghadam, M. Moradi & P. Haji Alikhani Earth pressure at rest of expansive soil against retaining wallX.W. Gu, W.M. Zhang & G.M. Xu Deformation behavior of a reinforced soil wall constructed on soft groundH. Hashimoto, S. Nishimoto & H. Hayashi Breaking failure and internal stability analysis of geosynthetic reinforced earth wallsW.Y. Hung, H.T. Chen, C.J. Lee & Y.C. Wei Fresh concrete pressure induced during concreting a diaphragm wall panelD. König & C. Loreck Evaluation of damage in saturated reinforced soil walls due to earthquakeJ. Kuwano, J. Izawa & S. Seki Centrifuge modeling of deep excavation in soft clayS.Y. Lam, M.Z.E.B. Elshafie, S.K. Haigh & M.D. Bolton Centrifuge modeling of shored mechanically stabilized earth wallsY.B. Lee, J.S. McCartney & H.Y. Ko Case study on a deep excavation in soft ground by centrifuge model testsX.F. Ma, H.H. Zhang, L. Yu, S.Y. Lam & M.D. Bolton Dynamic earth pressures and earth pressure cell measurementsS.P.G. Madabhushi & Y.R. Khokher Influence of an anchor head on detection of soil anchorage loadK. Palop, A. Ivanović, R.D. Neilson & A.J. Brennan Centrifuge modelling of active earth pressuresF. Song, J.M. Zhang & C. Liu Seismic loads for evaluating internal stability of cantilevered retaining wallsA. Takahashi, S. Tanimoto & H. Sugita Effect of fabric anisotropy on seismic response of a retaining wallX. Zeng, B. Li & H. Min Centrifuge modeling of the influence of basement excavation on existing tunnelsG. Zheng, S.W. Wei, S.Y. Peng, Y. Diao & C.W.W. Ng 6 Tunnels Modeling face stability of a shallow tunnel in a geotechnical centrifugeP. Aklik, G. Idinger & W. Wu Centrifuge tests on the seismic behavior of a tunnelJ. Cao & M.S. Huang Methods of measurement of displacement of a model tunnel in centrifuge testsJ.C. Chou & B.L. Kutter Centrifuge modelling of the response of buildings to tunnellingR.P. Farrell & R.J. Mair Study on tunnelling induced ground deformation in reinforced soilsA. Juneja & N.S. Roshan Dynamic centrifuge tests on shallow tunnel models in dry sandG. Lanzano, E. Bilotta, G. Russo, F. Silvestri & S.P.G. Madabhushi Centrifuge modelling on long-term behaviour of tunnels in transitional groundX.F. Ma, L. Yu, K. Soga & R. Laver Experimental study into tunnel face collapse in sandJ. Messerli, E. Pimentel & G. Anagnostou Model tests for the evaluation of formation and expansion of a cavity in the groundM. Sato & R. Kuwano Local deformation characteristics of a cavity in model groundY. Tsutsumi, R. Kuwano & M. Sato Modeling of tunnel lining deformation due to face instabilityH. Walter, C.J. Coccia, R.B. Wallen, H.Y. Ko & J.S. McCartney Centrifuge modelling of passive failure of tunnel face in saturated sandK.S. Wong, C.W.W. Ng, Y.M. Chen & X.C. Bian Physical model testing on earth pressure balance shield machine tunnelling in sand strataQ.W. Xu, X.R. Ge, H.H. Zhu, Y.B. Fu & X.S. Wu Centrifuge modelling of a steel pipe umbrella arch for tunnelling in clayC.H. Yeo, F.H. Lee, A. Hegde & A. Juneja 7 Pipelines Investigation of axial/lateral interaction of pipes in dense sandN. Daiyan, S. Kenny, R. Phillips & R. Popescu Model tests on behaviour of buried pipes in a large soil chamber under cyclic loadingD.H. Ko & R. Kuwano Centrifuge and discrete element modelling of tunnelling effects on pipelinesA.M. Marshall, I. Elkayam, A. Klar & R.J. Mair Experimental study of buried plastic pipes in reinforced soil under cyclic-loadsS.N. Moghaddas Tafreshi & O. Khalaj Soil-pipeline behaviour in lateral buckling on dense sandA. Rismanchian & W.H. Craig Centrifuge model tests on the dynamic response of sewer trunk culvertsJ. Tohda, H. Yoshimura, A. Ohsugi, K. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, H.Y. Ko & R.B. Wallen Full-scale testing of buried extensible pipes subject to axial soil loadingD. Wijewickreme & L. Weerasekara Dynamic response of sewer pipes buried in sloping-sided ditchesH. Yoshimura, J. Tohda, T. Shimazu, H. Nishida, Y. Inoue, H.Y. Ko & R.B. Wallen 8 Shallow foundations Centrifuge modelling of the interaction between fault rupture and rows of rigid, shallow foundationsW. Ahmed & M.F. Bransby Centrifuge modelling of the behaviour of flexible raft foundations on clay and sandA. Arnold, J. Laue, T. Espinosa & S.M. Springman Bearing capacity of shallow foundations on slopes: Experimental analysis on reduced scale modelsF. Castelli & V. Lentini Centrifuge modelling of bridge system with rocking footingsL. Deng, B.L. Kutter, S. Kunnath & T.B. Algie Cyclic load testing facility for pavement model testingC.T. Gnanendran, J. Piratheepan & J. Ramanujam Incremental cyclic load on footing: Coefficient of elastic uniform compression of sandS.N. Moghaddas Tafreshi & M. Ahmadi An experimental study on the instability of drill rigs during self propelling in siteT. Hori, S. Tamate & N. Suemasa Cyclic deformations of foundations for offshore wind turbine structuresH. Wienbroer, G. Huber & Th. Triantafyllidis Response of confining pile skirted footingsN. Unnikrishnan & P. Sachin VOLUME 2 9 Single piles Physical modelling for pile foundation re-useL. Begaj Qerimi & A.M. McNamara Physical model testing and FE analyses of base resistance of bored piles in sandD. Cadogan, K. Gavin & A. Tolooiyan Full-field stress and strain measurements during pile installationJ. Dijkstra & W. Broere The installation resistance of open-ended pilesP. Doherty & K. Gavin Predicting axial pile load capacityA.M. Elgamal, A.E. El Nimr, A.A. Dif & A.K. Gabr On the shaft capacity of non-displacement piles in sand from centrifuge testsV. Fioravante, L. Guerra & M.B. Jamiolkowski Modelling helical screw piles in clay using a transparent soilC.C. Hird & S.A. Stanier Field tests using an instrumented model pipe pile in sandD. Igoe, K. Gavin & B. O’Kelly Bearing capacity of CHD piles compared to traditional piling techniques in sandJ.R. Jeffrey, M.J. Brown, T. Schwamb & J. Ball Centrifuge model tests on suction pile pullout loading capacity in sandY. Kim, K. Kim, Y. Cho & S. Bang Large-scale model tests on uplift ultimate capacity of enlarged base pilesL.G. Kong, G.Q. Zhang, R.P. Chen & Y.M. Chen Measurement of soil displacements near a cylindrical penetrometerW.W. Liu, C.M. Cox, D.J. Reddish & E.A. Ellis Influence of pile tip geometry on soil displacements around driven piles in layered groundY. Mascarucci, S. Miliziano, A.M. McNamara & M. Pasqualetti Model tests for reducing installation forces in jacked sheet pilingA.M. McNamara, A. Hijazi & R. Gorasia Conceptual techniques for full-scale physical modeling of pressed-in pile behaviorG.N. Meshcheryakov & M.P. Doubrovsky Pile response due to effective lateral soil movementH.Y. Qin & W.D. Guo An investigation of the performance of a monopiled-footing foundationK.J.L. Stone, T. Newson & M. El Marassi The effect of pile shape on the horizontal shaft stress during installation in sandS. Taenaka, D.J. White & M.F. Randolph Physical modelling of helical screw piles in sandC.H.C. Tsuha, N. Aoki, G. Rault, L. Thorel & J. Garnier In-flight investigation of excavation effects on smooth single pilesG. Zheng, S.Y. Peng, Y. Diao & C.W.W. Ng 10 Pile groups An experimental investigation on interference of piled rafts in soft soilS.P. Bajad, R.B. Sahu & N. Som Load transfer mechanisms of piled raft foundationsV. Fioravante & D. Giretti Stiffness of piled raft foundationsV. Fioravante, D. Giretti & M.B. Jamiolkowski Model tests on free-standing passive pile groups in sandW.D. Guo & E.H. Ghee The deformation pattern around a pile group under lateral loading in sandM. Hajialilue-Bonab, H. Azarnya-Shahgoli, F.B. Sarand & M.H. Mohassel An experimental study of the vertical bearing mechanism of piled raft foundationsS. Nishimoto, K. Tomisawa & S. Miura Modelling the performance of linear minipile groupsA.V. Rose & R.N. Taylor Mechanical behavior of piled raft foundation in sand subjected to static horizontal loadK. Sawada, J. Takemura, J. Izawa & S. Seki 11 Piles under cyclic and dynamic loads Far-field seismic soil-pile-raft interaction in normally consolidated kaolin clayS. Banerjee, S.H. Goh, F.H. Lee & M. Kang Measuring the apparent density change near a cyclically loaded displacement pile in sandJ. Dijkstra, W. Broere & A.F. van Tol Centrifuge experiments on laterally loaded piles with wingsJ. Dührkop, J. Grabe, B. Bienen, D.J. White & M.F. Randolph Effects of inclined piles on the seismic performances of pile groupsS. Escoffier, J.L. Chazelas & N. Chenaf Stress paths measured around a cyclically loaded pile in a calibration chamberP.Y. Foray, C.H.C. Tsuha, M. Silva, R.J. Jardine & Z.X. Yang Pore pressure measurements during rapid pile load tests in a geotechnical centrifugeP. Hölscher, H. van Lottum, A. Bezuijen & A.F. van Tol Pile-sheet pile combined foundation subjected to lateral and moment loadingJ. Izawa, J. Takemura, H. Yamana, Y. Ishihama & M. Takagi Static and cyclic lateral pile behavior in clayM. Khemakhem, N. Chenaf, J. Garnier, G. Rault, L. Thorel & C. Dano Centrifuge modelling of a laterally cyclic loaded pileR.T. Klinkvort, C.T. Leth & O. Hededal Centrifuge modelling of mono-pile under cyclic lateral loadsZ. Li, S.K. Haigh & M.D. Bolton Static and cyclic lateral response of battered piles in clayS. Mary Prabha & A. Boominathan Lateral loading of tripod foundations in sandE. Ozsu, B. Teymur & M. Rouainia An experimental investigation of piles in sand subjected to lateral cyclic loadsP. Peralta & M. Achmus Design of an instrumented model pile for axial cyclic loadingM.H.J. Rakotonindriana, A. Le Kouby, S. Buttigieg, F. Derkx, L. Thorel & J. Garnier P-y curves on model piles: Uncertainty identificationF. Rosquoët, L. Thorel, J. Garnier & M. Khemakhem Investigation of the self-healing effect of monopile foundationsO. Solf, P. Kudella & Th. Triantafyllidis 12 Offshore systems Installation resistance and bearing capacity of a shallow skirted foundation in clayH.E. Acosta-Martinez & S. Gourvenec Centrifuge study of the bearing capacity increase of a shallow footing due to preloadingB. Bienen, C. Gaudin & M.J. Cassidy Experimental investigation of punch-through potential for spudcan foundationsM.S. Hossain & M.F. Randolph Jack-up reinstallation near a footprint cavityV.W. Kong, M.J. Cassidy & C. Gaudin Physical modeling of suction caissonsC.M.A.R. Melo, S. Tibana, F. Saboya, R.M. Reis, R.R. Sobrinho, J.D. Vieira & V.M. del Aguila Study of soil-pipeline interaction under vertical and horizontal loading in very soft soilM. Orozco-Calderon & P.Y. Foray Behaviour of a breakwater in liquefied silty soil under wave loadingsV. Oztug, B. Teymur & S. Cokgor Installation process of suction anchors in Gulf of Guinea clay: Centrifuge modellingL. Thorel, J. Garnier, G. Rault, H. Dendani & J.L. Colliat Centrifuge anchor dragging tests in sand and clayH. van Lottum, H.J. Luger & A. Bezuijen Centrifuge model tests of helical anchors in clayD. Wang, C. Gaudin, R.S. Merifield & Y. Hu Study of soil movements around a penetrating spudcanY. Xie, C.F. Leung & Y.K. Chow Study of wave impact on a cylindrical breakwater by means of centrifuge model testsG.M. Xu, Z.Y. Cai, X.W. Gu, M.M. Jiang, Z.X. Wang, Y. Gu & X. Su Dynamic response of a single and a 4-bucket foundationsJ.H. Zhang, Y.M. Zhang & X.B. Lu 13 Slopes Modelling of submarine slides in the geotechnical centrifugeN. Boylan, C. Gaudin, D.J. White & M.F. Randolph Influence of ground anchors on topographic amplification at slope crestsA.J. Brennan, N.I. Thusyanthan & S.P.G. Madabhushi Physical modeling of a drainage system on a layered sandy-clayey slopeF. Gabrieli, E. Grigoletto & S. Cola Centrifuge modelling of submarine landslide flowsC.S. Gue, K. Soga, M.D. Bolton & N.I. Thusyanthan Physical modeling of slope failure during slope cutting workK. Itoh, Y. Toyosawa, S. Timpong & N. Suemasa Reinforced slope modelling using optical fibre sensors and PIV analysisE. Kapogianni, J. Laue & M.G. Sakellariou Centrifuge modeling of slope failures induced by rainfallH. Ling, H.I. Ling, L. Li & T. Kawabata Centrifuge modelling of root reinforcement of slopesR. Sonnenberg, M.F. Bransby, P.D. Hallett, A.G. Bengough & M.C.R. Davies Simulating shallow failure in slopes due to heavy precipitationS. Tamate, N. Suemasa & T. Katada Evaluation of performance of soil-nailed slopes subjected to seepage in a centrifugeB.V.S. Viswanadham & V. Deepa Centrifuge model studies on the behavior of geocomposite reinforced soil slopesB.V.S. Viswanadham & D.V. Raisinghani Centrifuge modelling of slope stabilisation using a discrete pile rowB.S. Yoon & E.A. Ellis 14 Dams and embankments Real-time monitoring of full-scale levee testingT. Abdoun, V. Bennett, R. Dobry, A. Koelewijn & S. Thevanayagam Effect of drainage zoning and deeply placed plinth on CFGDY.W. Choo, D.S. Kim, K.H. Kim, D.H. Shin, E.S. Im, S.E. Cho & H.G. Park Centrifuge modeling of transverse cracking in dam coreY.J. Hou, Q.F. Niu, Z.P. Xu, J.H. Liang, S. Peng & B.Y. Zhang Modelling the behaviour of reinforced embankments on the peat Caroni swampA. Mwasha, R. Ramnarine & R. Atkinson Physical modeling studies to evaluate performance of New Orleans levees during hurricanesI. Sasanakul, T. Abdoun & M. Sharp Dike breaching due to overtoppingL. Schmocker, W.H. Hager & R.M. Boes Computer simulations and physical modelling of erosionC.S. Stuetzle, J. Gross, Z. Chen, B. Cutler, W.R. Franklin, K. Perez & T. Zimmie Physical modelling of embankment vulnerabilityW. Vanadit-Ellis, L. Davis & M. Sharp Influence of sand and scale on the piping process—experiments and multivariate analysisV.M. van Beek, J.G. Knoeff, J. Rietdijk, J.B. Sellmeijer & J. Lopez De La Cruz Centrifuge modeling of railway embankments in terms of high moisture content of soilV.V. Vinogradov, Y.K. Frolovsky & A.A. Zaitsev Centrifuge modeling of a geotextile-reinforced slope during earthquakeL. Wang, G. Zhang & J.M. Zhang Study on the mechanism of hydraulic fracturing by centrifuge modeling testsZ.P. Xu, J.H. Liang & Y.J. Hou 15 Natural hazards and protection measures A simple model to simulate the full-scale behaviour of falling rock protection barriersS. de Miranda, C. Gentilini, G. Gottardi, L. Govoni & F. Ubertini A centrifuge experiment to derive insight on rock fragmentation within sturzstromsB. Imre, J. Laue & S.M. Springman Physical modelling to better understand rock avalanchesI. Manzella & V. Labiouse Application of wave barriers as a countermeasure against train-induced ground vibrationsR. Motamed, K. Itoh, S. Hirose, A. Takahashi & O. Kusakabe Centrifuge modelling of ground vibration isolation with geofoam barriersC. Murillo, L. Thorel & B. Caicedo Optical investigation through a flowing saturated granular materialN. Sanvitale, R. Genevois & E.T. Bowman Physical modeling of debris flows over flexible ring net barriersJ. Speerli, R. Hersperger, C. Wendeler & A. Roth Field testing of net structures for railway track protection in rocky regionsA.A. Zaitsev, M.G. Sokovikh & T.A. Gugushvily 16 Ground improvement Centrifuge modelling of piled embankmentsR. Aslam & E.A. Ellis 3D load transfer in pile-supported earth platforms over soft soils: Centrifuge modelingG. Baudouin, L. Thorel & G. Rault Compensation grouting research, the influence of the physical modelA. Bezuijen, A.F. van Tol & M.P.M. Sanders Performance and observations of model stone column foundationsJ.A. Black, V. Sivakumar & A.L. Bell The uncertainties of using replacement soil for controlling settlementA.K. Gabr Underwater vacuum preloading of soft clay using different drain spacingsL.W. Hu, N.L. Lee & C.W.W. Ng A multi-scale analysis method for partially improved ground and its experimental verificationA. Ishikawa, Y. Shamoto, K. Terada & T. Kyoya Centrifuge tests on column type mixing improved ground with surface improvementM. Kitazume & K. Maruyama Performance of foundation formed from hydraulic fill sand by centrifugal modelingS.H. Liu, G.M. Xu, Z.Y. Cai, J.L. Li & Y.H. Li 1g model test on granular soil columns for ground improvement of very soft soilF. Rackwitz & M. Schüßler Compressive behavior of honeycomb modular drainage tanksM. Rezania, P. Cullen, A.A. Javadi & M.M. Nezhad Pile-supported earth platforms: Two approaches with physical modelsL. Thorel, J.C. Dupla, G. Rault, J. Canou, G. Baudouin, A.Q. Dinh & B. Simon Evaluation of seismic resistance of pile foundation in composite groundK. Tomisawa & S. Miura Study of a multi-element composite foundation of concrete columns and sand columnsX.Z. Wang & L.F. Wang Centrifuge study on the “set-up” effect induced by sand compaction pile installationJ.T. Yi, S.H. Goh & F.H. Lee Seismic performance of mixed module columns and rigid inclusionsX. Zhang, P.Y. Foray, Ph. Gotteland, S. Lambert & H. Alsaleh 17 Liquefaction Effect of permeability on soil-structure response to earthquake lateral loadingL. Gonzalez, D. Lucas, T. Abdoun & R. Dobry Characteristics of horizontal subgrade reaction of piles in liquefiable sandS. Imamura Dynamic stability of oil tank supported by piled-raft foundation on liquefiable sandS. Imamura, T. Yagi & J. Takemura Evolution of shear modulus during liquefaction in 1-D centrifuge shaking table testsC.J. Lee, Y.C. Wei, W.Y. Hung & H.T. Chen Experimental and numerical verification of earthquake triggered slope failureL. Li & Y. Hata Liquefaction and reconsolidation in a 1-g shake-box testing deviceD. Rebstock, H. Wienbroer & G. Huber Measuring shaft friction during earthquakesM.E. Stringer & S.P.G. Madabhushi Uplift behaviour of buried structures under strong shakingT. Tobita, G.-C. Kan & S. Iai Multidirectional shaking table tests on model piles in saturated sandT.S. Ueng & C.H. Chen 18 Environmental geotechnics Effect of sheet pile on contamination transport through the soilA.M. Basha, I. Rashwan, A. El Nimr & A.K. Gabr New thermal cell for measuring thermal conductivity of soilsS.S. Hamuda, M. Rouainia & B.G. Clarke Centrifuge techniques and apparatus for transport experiments in porous mediaE.D. Mattson, C.D. Palmer, R.W. Smith & M. Flury Cyclic behaviour of iron mining tailings using centrifuge mini-CPT testsH.P.G. Motta, M.S.S. Almeida, J.G.A. Pequeno, J.R.M.S. Oliveira & T.J. Espósito Testing of an expansive clay in a centrifuge permeameterM.D. Plaisted & J.G. Zornberg Physical modelling for ecological geotechnicsS. Sassa & Y. Watabe Effect of geogrid reinforcement on the deformation behavior of landfill coversB.V.S. Viswanadham & S. Rajesh