Relativistic quantum electrodynamics, which describes the electromagneticinteractions of electrons and atomic nuclei, provides the basis for modeling the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and solids and of their interactions with photons and other projectiles. The theory underlying the widely used GRASP relativistic atomic structure program, the DARC electron-atom scattering code and the new BERTHA relativistic molecular structure program is presented in depth, together with computational aspects relevant to practical calculations. Along with an understanding of the physics and...

Relativistic quantum electrodynamics, which describes the electromagneticinteractions of electrons and atomic nuclei, provides the basis for modeli...

Condensed-matter physics plays an ever increasing role in photonics, electronic and atomic collisions research. Dispersion (Dynamics and Relaxation) includes scattering/collisions in the gaseous phase. It also includes thermal agitation, tunneling and relaxation in the liquid and solid phases. Classical mechanics, classical statistical mechanics, classical relativity and quantum mechanics are all implicated. 'Semiclassical' essentially means that there is a large or asymptotic real parameter. 'Semiclassical' can also mean 'classical with first-order quantal correction', based on an...

Condensed-matter physics plays an ever increasing role in photonics, electronic and atomic collisions research. Dispersion (Dynamics and Relaxation...

This book evolved from a course at our university for beginning graduate stu- dents in mathematics-particularly students who intended to specialize in ap- plied mathematics. The content of the course made it attractive to other math- ematics students and to graduate students from other disciplines such as en- gineering, physics, and computer science. Since the course was designed for two semesters duration, many topics could be included and dealt with in de- tail. Chapters 1 through 6 reflect roughly the actual nature of the course, as it was taught over a number of years. The content of the...

This book evolved from a course at our university for beginning graduate stu- dents in mathematics-particularly students who intended to specialize in...

The rapid growth of the subject since the first edition ten years ago has made it necessary to rewrite the greater part of the book. Except for the introductory portion and the section on Mott scattering, the book has been completely revised. In Chap. 3, sections on polarization violating reflection symmetry, on resonance scattering, and on inelastic processes have been added. Chapter 4 has been rewritten, taking account of the numerous novel results obtained in exchange scattering. Chapter 5 includes the recent discoveries on photoelectron polarization produced by unpolarized radiation with...

The rapid growth of the subject since the first edition ten years ago has made it necessary to rewrite the greater part of the book. Except for the in...

The primary objective of these lecture notes is to present the basic theories and analytical methods of plasma physics and to provide the recent status of fusion research for graduate and advanced undergraduate students. I also hope that this text will be a useful reference for scientists and engineers working in the relevant ?elds. Chapters 1 4 describe the fundamentals of plasma physics. The basic concept of the plasma and its characteristics are explained in Chaps.1 and 2. The orbits of ions and electrons are described in several magnetic ?eld con?gurations in Chap.3, while Chap.4...

The primary objective of these lecture notes is to present the basic theories and analytical methods of plasma physics and to provide the recent statu...

This book presents results of experimental and theoretical studies of "gas-solid particles" turbulent two-phase flows. It analyzes the characteristics of heterogeneous flows in channels (pipes), as well as those in the vicinity of the critical points of bodies subjected to flow and in the boundary layer developing on their surface. Coverage also treats in detail problems of physical simulation of turbulent gas flows which carry solid particles.

This book presents results of experimental and theoretical studies of "gas-solid particles" turbulent two-phase flows. It analyzes the characterist...

Thermodynamic concepts of aggregate states and their phase transitions - veloped during the 19th Century and are now the basis of our contem- rary understanding of these phenomena. Thermodynamics gives an universal, macroscopic description of the equilibrium properties of phase transitions - dependent of the detailed nature of the substances. However understanding the nature of phase transitions at the microscopic level requires a di?erent approach, one that takes into account the speci?cs of the interparticle int- actions. In this book, we lay the groundwork that connects the microscopic...

Thermodynamic concepts of aggregate states and their phase transitions - veloped during the 19th Century and are now the basis of our contem- rary und...

You'll learn all the underlying science and how to perform all the latest analytical techniques that plasma polarization spectroscopy (PPS) offers with this new book. The authors report on recent results of laboratory experiments, keeping you current with all the latest developments and applications in the field. There is also a timely discussion centered on instrumentation that is crucial to your ability to perform successful PPS experiments.

You'll learn all the underlying science and how to perform all the latest analytical techniques that plasma polarization spectroscopy (PPS) offers ...

The ?eld of Bose-Einstein condensation in atomic gases has been full of s- prises.Whathappenedafterthe?rstrealization ofBose-Einstein condensates in 1995 has far exceeded the vision of their creators. Originally, I expected interesting studies of equilibrium properties and dynamics, but the Bose- Einstein condensate became a pristine platform for a host of scienti?c studies. The condensate turned out to be a well-controlled medium for nonlinear wave phenomenaincludingfour-wavemixing, darkandbrightsolitons, anddynamic instabilities. Rotating condensates gave access to the rich physics of...

The ?eld of Bose-Einstein condensation in atomic gases has been full of s- prises.Whathappenedafterthe?rstrealization ofBose-Einstein condensates in 1...

A variety of plasmas include molecules rather than only ions or atoms. Examples are ionospheres of the Earth and other planets, stellar atmospheres, gaseous discharges for use in various devices and processes, and fusion plasmas in the edge region. This book describes the role of molecules in those plasmas by showing elementary collision processes involving those molecules. All possible processes are presented both for electron and ion collisions with the molecules. On the basis of the accumulated knowledge in atomic and molecular physics, a compact but informative description is given for...

A variety of plasmas include molecules rather than only ions or atoms. Examples are ionospheres of the Earth and other planets, stellar atmospheres...