Superconductivity has become one of the most intensely studied physical phenomena of our times, with tremendous potential to revolutionize fields as diverse as computing and transportation. This book describes the methods, established results, and recent advances in the field. The goal is to present recently developed theoretical models in light of the long-sought aim of achieving the effect at very high temperatures. The book includes a detailed review of various mechanisms, including phononic, magnetic, and electronic models. The authors focus on the phenomenon of induced superconductivity...

Superconductivity has become one of the most intensely studied physical phenomena of our times, with tremendous potential to revolutionize fields as d...

This book describes global aspects in gravitation theory and cosmology within the framework of Einstein's theory of gravity. Topics include results on the structure and topology of space-time, exact solutions to Einstein equations and singularities, the status of quantum gravity, and quantum effects near space-time singularities in strong curvature fields. The author also discusses the nature and structure of space-time singularities, the cosmic censorship problem in black hole physics, and the issue of quantum effects in strong gravity fields. Students and mathematicians, astrophysicists,...

This book describes global aspects in gravitation theory and cosmology within the framework of Einstein's theory of gravity. Topics include results on...

The violation of charge-conjugation and parity symmetries is a leading area of research in particle and nuclear physics, with important implications for understanding the generation of matter in the universe. CP violation occurs during the decay of the elementary particles known as kaons and the process remains little understood. This book provides a self-contained introduction to CP violation. It outlines the underlying theory and related experiments, and its systematic approach is designed to bring beginning researchers to the forefront of the field.

The violation of charge-conjugation and parity symmetries is a leading area of research in particle and nuclear physics, with important implications f...

The emphasis of this second edition is on introducing the foundations of the different subfields, highlighting the direction and tendency of the most recent research. New to this edition is updated material on the nucleation problem and numerical micromagnetics. This book is suitable for first-year graduate and advanced undergraduate students in physics and engineering as well as for practicing engineers and experimental physicists who work in the field of magnetism and need an excellent reference book.

The emphasis of this second edition is on introducing the foundations of the different subfields, highlighting the direction and tendency of the most ...

The book is an introduction to quantum field theory and renormalization group. It shows that these frameworks are essential for the understanding of phenomena belonging to many different areas of physics, which range from phase transitions in macroscopic systems to the theory of fundamental interactions. This advanced new edition is based on graduate courses and summer schools given by the author over a number of years. Although there are several good textbooks on QFT, this is the first to emphasize the common aspects of particle physics and the theory of critical phenomena in a unified...

The book is an introduction to quantum field theory and renormalization group. It shows that these frameworks are essential for the understanding of p...

Brownian motion - the incessant motion of small particles suspended in a fluid - is an important topic in statistical physics and physical chemistry. This book studies its origin in molecular scale fluctuations, its description in terms of random process theory and also in terms of statistical mechanics. A number of new applications of these descriptions to physical and chemical processes, as well as statistical mechanical derivations and the mathematical background are discussed in detail. Graduate students, lecturers, and researchers in statistical physics and physical chemistry will find...

Brownian motion - the incessant motion of small particles suspended in a fluid - is an important topic in statistical physics and physical chemistry. ...

Most stars show some degree of magnetic activity, from the familiar variations in the Sun's magnetic field, which coincide with the sun-spot cycle, to the enormous magnetic fields created by rotating neutron stars. Magnetic fields are also a potential key to understanding the formation of new stars and the behavior of galactic nuclei. This book by one of the leading figures in stellar magnetism provides an authoritative survey of this rapidly developing field. Based on a lifetime of research, the book places stellar magnetism in a broad astronomical scope and provides a thorough, well-argued...

Most stars show some degree of magnetic activity, from the familiar variations in the Sun's magnetic field, which coincide with the sun-spot cycle, to...

Heavy electrons are found among a number of lanthanide and actinide compounds, and are characterized by a large effective mass which becomes comparable to the mass of a muon. Heavy electrons exhibit rich phenomena such as unconventional superconductivity, weak antiferromagnetism and pseudo metamagnetism, however, many of the established ideas and techniques relating to theoretical and experimental physics of strongly correlated electrons are insufficient to understand heavy electrons. On the theoretical side, enormous amounts of quantum fluctuations have brought disaster to celebrated...

Heavy electrons are found among a number of lanthanide and actinide compounds, and are characterized by a large effective mass which becomes comparabl...

This new text approaches the problem of the electronic structure of solid matter in terms of multiple scattering theory. It includes a short review of local density functional theories, taking the reader step-by-step through the properties of Schrodinger and Dirac Hamiltonians for a central field, and resolvents and Green functions. Ordered and disordered systems are considered, along with non-relativistic and relativistic schemes. Also discussed are the direct applications of multiple scattering to important aspects of materials science such as band structure spectography, Fermi energy...

This new text approaches the problem of the electronic structure of solid matter in terms of multiple scattering theory. It includes a short review of...

This unique book presents a unified, in-depth study of phenomena in photon-matter interactions over a range of many orders of energy. It provides a thorough treatment of relativistic quantum electrodynamics from the quantum field theoretic approach, together with non-relativistic theory in both confined and unconfined geometries. The predictions of QED have been verified to a greater accuracy than any other physical theory. Moreover QED is a paradigm for other gauge theories, and it is presented in such a way that the generalization to other gauge theories is natural. Gauge and Poincare...

This unique book presents a unified, in-depth study of phenomena in photon-matter interactions over a range of many orders of energy. It provides a th...